Museums and Art

Victor Elpidiforovich Borisov-Musatov, paintings and biography

Victor Elpidiforovich Borisov-Musatov, paintings and biography

At the turn of the 19th-20th centuries in Russian art, realism was replaced by symbolism, a new direction encompassed theater, literature, music, and painting. One of the prominent representatives of this trend was the artist Victor Elpidiforovich Borisov-Musatov.

He was born in Saratov on April 2, 1870, in the family of a railway employee. The kid grew up moving and cheerful, but three years later misfortune happened: after an unsuccessful fall, his hump begins to grow, and his back pain will torment him all his life.

Drawing becomes the boy’s favorite pastime, and studying at the Saratov real school brought him a meeting with the artist who saw his talent. Inspired by his success, Viktor Musatov devoted almost all his time to drawing classes, and at 16 he painted his first painting, The Window.

In 1890, the young man entered the school of painting, sculpture and architecture in Moscow. He takes a double surname - Borisov – Musatov, adding another one in honor of his beloved grandfather.

In search of better education, a young man in a year becomes a student of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, begins to study in the studio of the famous painter P. P. Chistyakov. But the damp climate does not suit him, and he returns to Moscow, to the class of the artist V. D. Polenov. He travels around the Crimea, the Caucasus, landscapes (May Flowers) become his favorite theme.

In 1895, having completed his studies, the artist went to Paris for three years to the workshop of Fernand Cormon. In the Louvre, he gets acquainted with the canvases of the classics, but the work of the impressionists has a great impression on him.

Returning to Russia, Victor moved to Saratov. He found his style, his palette. Now the master writes lyric paintings, imbued with light sadness and the spirit of the past tense ("Autumn Motive", "Harmony").

In these years, a young man is seriously interested in photography, taking pictures not only of nature, but also making complex staged sketches.

The heyday of the painter's creative activity falls at the very beginning of the 20th century. The romantic images of girls in the silence of nature or old manors written by him are full of harmony and poetry ("Pond", "Emerald Necklace"). His paintings are of great interest and admiration for the audience, he often takes part in art exhibitions, and in 1904 exhibited in Hamburg and Berlin.

He returns to the dreams of creating frescoes - he writes several watercolors on the subject “The Seasons” to order, but the customer does not accept them.

Very sincere, sincere and shy, in 1903 the young man marries the artist Elena Vladimirovna Alexandrova, and a year later the only daughter appeared in the family.

The life of Victor Elpidiforovich ended early - on October 26, 1905 he dies in Tarusa, they buried him on the banks of the Oka.


Watch the video: Музей Борисова-Мусатова (June 2021).