Polish Horseman - Rembrandt. Oil on Canvas, 115x135 cm
Having been forgotten for almost 150 years, the painting "The Polish Horseman" was suddenly discovered in 1897 - in the Polish town of Dzikuv, painting connoisseur Abraham Bredius bought a canvas with a white horse and rider in a characteristic East European vestment. “Yes, this is the great Rembrandt van Rijn!” - exclaimed the world of art.
However, the newly discovered canvas immediately became the subject of heated debate. Art historians have always cast doubt on the authorship of Rembrandt, and the most popular hypothesis is the following: the picture was painted by the best student of the great Dutchman Willem Drost. Despite the fact that an impressive evidence base was given under this conjecture, the Polish Horseman is still listed in the legacy of Rembrandt and no one else.
It’s not clear what the master meant: did he really depict a real hero in a robe so unusual for the Netherlands, or again embarked on some theatricality (Rembrandt liked to dress his heroes in unusual costumes), however, researchers tend to see a man here, belonging to the Polish cavalry of the XVII century.
The coloristic solution is consistent with the style of the master - the predominance of brown and red tones, deliberate highlighting of the hero. The only alien element of the picture is the white horse of the rider. She looks somehow constrained and very unconvincing. Rembrandt always wrote very subtly and filigree.
Another interesting fact is that a year before the start of work on the canvas in Amsterdam, a pamphlet appeared that protects the radical sect of the socialians. What was the name of the pamphlet? Yes, yes, the Polish Horseman. Perhaps Rembrandt thus showed his sympathy for the sect?
Today there are much more questions about this picture than answers, and the Polish Horseman remains the most controversial work of the master. Or maybe Rembrandt has nothing to do with it? ...