Autumn day. 63.5 x 50 cm
Picture “Autumn day. Sokolniki ”can be called one of the most important works in the life of Isaac Levitan, because it was from her that the fame of the painter originates.
It all started when Alexei Savrasov lured his young artist Isaac from Vasily Perov into the on-site class. Under the leadership of Savrasov there was a complete reincarnation of Levitan. The difficult beggarly life of a novice painter did not turn into accusatory plots, but, on the contrary, turned Isaac Ilyich into a subtle lyricist, sensitive and contemplative. That is what Savrasov demanded of him: "... write, study, but most importantly - feel!" And young Isaac studied ... and felt, of course.
Already in 1879, a wonderful picture appeared, dedicated to Sokolniki Park on one of the gloomy autumn days. The public, and most importantly, Pavel Tretyakov, immediately drew attention to a nineteen-year-old student at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. The keen eye of this outstanding Russian philanthropist did not miss a single significant work, especially when not only technique was read in it, but also poetry of color, plot, truthfulness, soul, finally. “Autumn day. Sokolniki ”met all these parameters, therefore it is not surprising that he bought the work directly from the student exhibition, which immediately attracted the close attention of society to its author.
What do we see in the picture? Deserted park alley, strewn with yellow fallen leaves. The grass is still green, but this color is not as bright as in summer, but rather withered in autumn. Young trees grow along the road. They were recently planted, because they are so thin, with rare crumbling foliage, and in some places this is completely absent. As a contrast to this young growth, the edges of the painting were “surrounded” by the old trees of the park. Tall, powerful, dark green and a little gloomy. And above all this poetic landscape, clouds are floating, gray and gloomy, creating the feeling of a damp, cloudy day.
The central element of the picture is the heroine, but her presence "does not steal" the main role in nature. Rather, it acts as a kind of tuning fork for the mood created by this park and autumn day. As Shishkin had nothing to do with bears from his most famous work, so Levitan is not the author of this remarkable, lonely figure. A girl in a dark dress, going straight from the canvas towards the viewer, was written by Nikolai Chekhov, a Russian artist and brother of the famous writer Anton Pavlovich.
The general mood of the canvas is sad and nastalgic, and this has its own explanation. It was during this period that Levitan underwent the first eviction from Moscow, according to a decree prohibiting the residence of Jews in the city. Living in Saltykovka, Levitan recalled his favorite landscapes, lovingly transferring them to the canvas.
A close examination of the picture reveals a broad style of writing - both the road and the crowns are painted with a sweeping brushstroke. However, taking a couple of steps from the frame, all these wide brush movements merge into an iridescent surface, and the blurriness of the palette adds airiness to the landscape.
Another amazing property of the canvas - sound. It seems that you can quite clearly hear the gusty, but short movements of the autumn wind, the creak of tall pines, lonely rustling steps along the path, the rustle of leaves.
In this picture, everything is amazing and atmospheric. The gaze stubbornly clings to individual elements that line up in a solid, concise, but emotional image. And the last detail is a quick look at the name, catchy and capacious. Like a block Sacramental “Night. The outside. Lamp. Pharmacy ", Levitan has no less comprehensive -" Autumn day. Sokolniki. "